HDPUG Demonstrates Benefits of Cooperative R&D

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Feeling very privileged to be invited to attend the open presentations day of the annual European meeting of the High Density Packaging User Group (HDPUG), I travelled to Royal Leamington Spa in Warwickshire, UK, on May 27 with guest speaker Michael Weinhold, Technical Director of the European Institute of Printed Circuits (EIPC).

The High Density Packaging User Group (HDPUG) is a member-driven, non-profit, project-oriented industry consortium that addresses the integration of new electronics component packaging and interconnection technologies into the supply chains of its member companies. Its stated mission is to reduce the costs and risks for the electronics industries when utilising high-density electronic packaging, and it achieves its objective by promoting the concept of cooperative R&D – sharing scarce resources and expertise to address issues of common interest, to enable major problems and global technical issues to be resolved in a fraction of the time and at a fraction of the cost it would take for individual companies to do it alone.

HDPUG-MarshallAndrews.JPGHDPUG holds four two-day member meetings each year, two in the United States, one in Europe, and one in Asia. The first day is devoted to public-domain project presentations, with non-members attending by invitation, and members-only discussions take place on the second day.

HDPUG Executive Director Marshall Andrews opened this year's European meeting, welcomed members and guests, stated the ground rules: "We do not discuss IP and we do not discuss price," and introduced Martin Cotton, Director of OEM Marketing at Ventec, who had sponsored the event.

Cotton echoed Andrews' welcome and gave a brief history of the evolution of Ventec as a leading supplier of high-performance PCB substrates and its commitment to providing ultra-clean materials in thicknesses as low as 25 microns for HDI applications. HDPUG-MartinCotton.JPGSpeaking from his many years' experience as a designer, he cautioned against over-specifying material and carrying the cost of performance overshoot. It was not uncommon for designers to specify the highest-performance – and consequently highest-cost – material for an application where its use was not technically justified, rather than put effort into the design exercise.
Cotton questioned whether designers really understood the significance of material properties other than electrical, and explained Ventec’s policy of rationalising their data sheets to clarify physical properties and actual constructions, and his personal role in working with OEM designers to help them to choose and specify the most appropriate and cost-effective solution.

HDPUG-JohnDavignon.JPGHDPUG project facilitator John Davignon chaired the project-review session, which began with a Phase 2 status update on the Optical Interconnection project, presented by Marika Immonen from TTM in Finland, and Richard Pitwon from Seagate Technology in the UK. The project had begun five years previously with the objective of evaluating the feasibility and maturity of optical waveguide based technologies on PCBs, determining performance benefits and limitations using polymer waveguides and fibres for 1-2m links. The focus was on optical fibre and waveguide link characteristics, practical connectivity options and end-to-end link implementations. The project was now at Phase 2; Richard Pitwon described the test vehicle used as a complete system-level demonstrator platform, consisting of a backplane with pluggable daughter cards and mezzanine cards with 28Gbps connectors, for testing flexible and embedded waveguides. High speed 28Gbps test data could be driven across the platform from an external data source or from a pluggable logic card. The project team was currently working with Fraunhofer Institute to study glass waveguides, which had lower loss characteristics at longer wavelengths.

HDPUG-DaveLove.JPGThrough-silicon-via specialist Dave Love, HDPUG facilitator for TSV packaging, gave updates on the TSV Signal Integrity and TSV Board Level Reliability projects, in a context of current debate about the potential improvements in power and signal integrity to be gained by 2.5D packaging compared with traditional package-on-printed-circuit-board technology. The objective of the Signal Integrity project goal was to measure of differences. The project was at the definition phase: technical choices had been made on device-under-test and methods to compare signal launches for devices mounted on TSV interposer through the PCB to devices mounted on interposer on the same PCB with devices mounted in traditional packages through the PCB to devices mounted in traditional packages on the same PCB. The project was open to available samples and critical mass was needed to move it forward. The Board Level Reliability project recognised the lack of industry data on board-level reliability for 2.5D packaging, particularly in temperature cycling for high end computer and network applications, and drop and mechanical shock performance in mobile applications. Package suppliers typically focused on package-level qualifications, and 2.5D devices had weak structures susceptible to damage from strains imposed by being soldered to a PCB. The project presented the opportunity to quantify the risk by collaborative research and to publish the findings. A by-product would be characterisation of SMT assembly and the publication of a guideline document.

HDPUG-JackFisher.JPGHigh speed press fit connectors with fragile, small-diameter pins on dense pitches and with tight tolerances, can be easily damaged during insertion and require rework. HDPUG facilitator Jack Fisher was joined by project leader Lars Bruno from Ericsson calling-in, to give an update on the Press Fit Rework project. The project objective was to determine and document the effect of rework on press fit connection strength, hole wall deformation and gas-tightness for new high-speed press fit connectors, using standard DIN connectors as a point of reference. The experimental plan was to perform a series of insertion and removal operations on a range of four high-speed back-plane connectors on two sets of eight PCBs, made on a standard base material, finished in either ENIG or immersion tin, with hole sizes at nominal, maximum tolerance and minimum tolerance, and study the results by microsectioning in horizontal and vertical axes. The biggest challenge anticipated was in achieving the critical hole diameters required for meaningful measurement in the light of normal drill-diameter and drilling machine process tolerances. The results were due to be published as a report in Q1 2016, indicating which pin and design combinations would best withstand rework, and what could be expected in terms of strength and hole wall deformation.


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